ENVIRONMENT | Staff Reporter, China

This infographic shows who owns the world's coal

Asian countries hold a massive 87.4%.

While Europe is being urged to shut its 300 coal fired power plants by 2030 to meet its Paris Agreement commitments, Japan appears ready to build up to 45 new coal plants in the coming years, according to a report by InfluenceMap.

The overwhelming majority of supply and demand for thermal coal remains in China and India, although recent reports has put this demand in doubt, it said.

Here's more from InfluenceMap:

Amid this, the fossil fuel divestment movement continues to gather steam - asset managers and owners representing over $5 trillion (tn) in value had made some kind of divestment pledge by the end 2016.

Most of these are centered on the removal of thermal coal from investment portfolios but increasingly are looking at oil and gas and associated value chains.

The following shows where the physical thermal coal reserves are located around the world. This
consists of 165bn tons of thermal coal in mines around the world controlled by 135 operating companies, 117 of which are listed in stock exchanges around the world.

The following infographic shows the global distribution of the top shareholders who own the companies who own thermal coal reserves. This consists of 150bn tons of coal reserves controlled by 117 listed operating companies which in turn are owned by thousands of shareholders globally, the latter's distribution indicated below.

In absolute terms of AUM in Coal and Coal Reserves, most of the top shareholders in thermal coal are in China and India and are strategic shareholders (governments, individuals, power companies, special purpose companies).

The top 20 shareholders of thermal coal excluding these strategic investors, are listed ranked by thermal coal reserves effectively owned. It should be noted Vanguard and Blackrock would rank near the top shareholders in any asset class due to the sheer size of their equity holdings and the thermal coal shareholdings do not necessarily reflect active portfolio management. The Government of India, by far the world's leading shareholder of thermal coal. 

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